Abstract Requirements

Abstract Requirements

When writing the abstract, don’t forget to ask yourself the following questions:

  • What is the purpose of my paper?
  • What approach am I using?
  • What are my findings?
  • What is the importance of my findings?

Word limit of the abstract: 350 words

Abstract Structure:

  • Title
  • Introduction
  • Aim
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion
  • Keywords

Detailed information about the Abstract sections


Your research in one sentence. The Title is your chance to grab the attention of the reader. Try to make it concise, but yet informative and interesting.


This section should be the shortest part of the abstract and should very briefly outline the following information:

  • What is already known about the subject, related to your research
  • What is not known about the subject and hence what the study intended to examine (or what the paper seeks to present)

Materials and Methods

The Materials and Methods section is usually the second-longest section in the abstract. It should contain enough information to enable the reader to understand what was done, and how. It should briefly give answers to the following questions:

  • What was the research design?
  • What was the duration of the study?
  • Were the examined objects/patients divided into categories and how?
  • How was the data collected and analyzed?


The results section is the most important part of the abstract and nothing should compromise its range and quality. Thus it should therefore be the longest part of the abstract. What does the data tell you about your initial hypothesis? What are the implications? Does the data suggest something originally unexpected?


This section should contain the most important take-home message of the study, expressed in a few precisely worded sentences. The Conclusion section should contain three elements:

  • The primary take-home message
  • The additional findings of importance
  • The perspectives for future research on the topic


These are words that describe key aspects of your research. Choose wisely up to three keywords.

P.S. You will have a separate field to write your key words in the application form!